According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, inflation in the U.S. economy was 1.7% in 2012.
As I have written in these pages, the way the official inflation rate is calculated is obsolete. Real inflation is running much higher than 1.7%.
Oil Price Information Service reports that, in 2012, $479 billion in gasoline was purchased by consumers in the U.S. economy. If you compare this number to 10 years ago, Americans are spending two and a half times more on gasoline. (Source: CNN Money, February 4, 2013) than they did in 2002. But consumer spending on gasoline didn’t go up because of increased demand; it went up because oil prices went up.
According to the Energy Department, Americans are now spending four percent of their income to buy gasoline, but they are actually buying lower quantities of it than they used to.
Look at the price of gasoline in this chart:
Chart courtesy of www.StockCharts.com
In early 2009, gasoline was trading below $1.20 a gallon. Now it trades above $3.00—an increase of more than 150% over four years.
Now, if you compare gasoline prices with gold (how many gallons of gas you can buy with an ounce of gold), which I believe gives a better picture of real inflation, gasoline prices have increased around 60% in four years.
Chart courtesy of www.StockCharts.com
Dear reader, inflation in the U.S. economy is a major concern. Sure, the government is telling us inflation is only 1.7%, but my simple example of gasoline prices questions the “official” rate. I’m sure you’re feeling the effects of higher prices as well. Look how much it cost to go out for a decent dinner, or how much food prices have gone up over the past four years. The stock market; it’s risen over the past four years, not declined. Now housing prices are inching higher, too.
Don’t tell me the government can borrow $6.0 trillion in new money over four years and the Federal Reserve can increase its balance sheet by $3.0 trillion and inflation won’t be a problem. It’s simple. The more money the Fed prints, the more U.S. dollars there are in circulation. Economics 101 tells us that too much supply pushes prices down. Hence, the U.S. dollar declines in value, so it takes more real dollars to buy goods and services.
The consumer in the U.S. economy will be the one on the hook to pay for higher prices of goods and services as businesses try to pass on higher costs to their customers. The bigger picture: higher inflation leads to higher interest rates, leading to lower disposable income, leading to no savings for Americans, leading to lower consumer demand. No wonder U.S. GDP is contracting!
These days it seems central banks in the global economy just don’t want their currencies to rise in value. In fact, they are in a race to devalue their currencies in the false hope that a cheaper currency will make their goods and services cheaper, thus increasing demand for their goods in the global economy.
In 2009, when the Federal Reserve first began implementing quantitative easing, there weren’t a lot of other central banks doing the same thing. Now the number of central banks working to print month to devalue their currencies has increased, as when the U.S. dollar decreases in value, the value of U.S. dollar reserves at about 60% of other world central banks gold is affected.
But aside from major central banks running their printing presses overtime, the central banks of emerging markets’ economies and other smaller nations are getting into the game, too!
Take the central bank of New Zealand, for example; it sold 66 million worth of New Zealand Dollars in November of 2012, and another 200 million in December to keep its currency from rising in value. (Source: Wall Street Journal, January 30, 2013.)
On the other side of the world, central banks in Latin America are in an outright currency war. Stronger currencies are causing their exports to decline. So, central banks from Peru, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Brazil are making sure their currency doesn’t rise in value by intervening and printing more paper currency or by decreasing their interest rates. (Source: Buenos Aires Herald, January 31, 2013.)
Mexico, which has long held a hands-off approach to the currency market, is considering interest rate cuts because of the rising value of the peso and concerns regarding economic growth.